In person and virtual services available.


ACP: Try Nondrug Therapies First for Nonradicular Low Back Pain. (2017, February 14). American Academy of Family Physicians. Original link no longer valid, please see

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.

Andrews, P. W., & Thomson, J. A. (2009). The Bright Side of Being Blue: Depression as an Adaptation for Analyzing Complex Problems. Psychological Review, 116(3), 620–654. Abstract:

Apkarian, A., Bushnell, M., Treede, R., & Zubieta, J. (2005). Human brain mechanisms of pain perception and regulation in health and disease. European Journal of Pain, 9, 463-484. Abstract:

Baliki, M. N., Petre, B., Torbey, S., Herrmann, K. M., Huank, L., Schnitzer, T. J., Fields, H. L., & Apkarian, A. V. (2012). Corticostriatal functional connectivity predicts transition to chronic back pain. Nature Neuroscience, Advance online publication, 1-5. Abstract:

Barak, A., Hen, L., Boniel-Nissim, M., & Shapira, N. (2008). A Comprehensive Review and a Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Internet-Based Psychotherapeutic Interventions. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 26(2-4), 109-160. Abstract with full text link:

Bechara, A, Damasio, H., & Damasio, A.R. (2000). Emotion, Decision Making and the Orbitofrontal Cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 10(3), 295-307, retrieved from

Bell, V., Oakley, D. A., Halligan, P. W., & Deeley, Q. (2011). Dissociation in hysteria and hypnosis: evidence from cognitive neuroscience. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 82, 332-339

Blumenthal, J. A., Jiang, W., Babyak, M. A., Krantz, D. S., Frid, D. J., Coleman, R. E, Waugh, R., Hanson, M., Appelbaum, M., O’Connor, C., & Morris, J. J. (1997). Stress management and exercise training in cardiac patients with myocardial ischemia. Archives of Internal Medicine, 157, 2213-2223. Abstract:

Carlat, D. (2010, April 19). Mind over meds. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Coghlan, A. (2010, July 26). We humans can mind-meld too. New Scientist, 2771. Retrieved from

Crawford, H.J., Gur, R.C., Skolnick, B., Gur, R.E., & Benson, D.M. (1993). Effects of hypnosis on regional cerebral blood flow during ischemic pain with and without suggested hypnotic analgesia. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 15, 181-195. Abstract:

Cyna, A. M., McAuliffe, G. L., Andrew, M. I. (2004). Hypnosis for pain relief in labour and childbirth: a systematic review. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 93(4), 505-511. Abstract:

 Erickson, M.H., & Rossi, E.L. (1975). Varieties of Double Bind. The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 17, 143-157, in Erickson, M.H., & Rossi, E.L. (ed.). (1980). The collected papers of Milton H. Erickson on hypnosis. Volume I: Nature of hypnosis and suggestion. New York: Irvington Publishers, Inc., 412-420. Retrieved from

Faymonville, M.E., Laureys, S., Degueldre, C., Fiore, G.D., Luxen, A. Franck, G., Lamy, M., & Maquet, P. (2000). Neural Mechanisms of Antinociceptive Effects of Hypnosis. Anesthesiology, 92, 1257–1267. Retrieved from

Feldman, J. B. (1985). The work of Milton Erickson: A multisystem model of eclectic therapy. Psychotherapy, 22, 154-162. Abstract:

Freud, S. (1933). New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. New York: Penguin.

Godleski, L., Darkins, A., & Peters, J. (2012). Outcomes of 98,609 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs patients enrolled in telemental health services, 2006-2010. Psychiatric Services, 63(4), 383-385. Abstract: Article:

Gruzelier, J.H. (2006). Frontal functions, connectivity and neural efficiency underpinning hypnosis and hypnotic susceptibility. Contemporary Hypnosis, 23(1), 15-32. Abstract:

Gruzelier, J., Gray, M. & Horn, P. (2002). The involvement of frontally modulated attention in hypnosis and hypnotic susceptibility: Cortical evoked potential evidence. Contemporary Hypnosis, 19(4), 179-189. Abstract:

Hammond, D.C. (2007). Review of the efficacy of clinical hypnosis with headaches and migraines. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55(2), 207–219. Abstract:

Hester, R.K. & Miller, W.R. (2003). Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches (3rd ed). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Hoeft, F., Gabrieli, J. D. E., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Haas, B. W., Bammer, R., Menon, V., & Spiegel, D. (2012). Functional brain basis of hypnotizability. Archives of General Psychiatry, 69(10), 1064-1072.

Hoffman, L. (1990). Constructing realities: An art of lenses. Family Process, 29(1), 1-12. Abstract:

Howard, G.S. (1989). A tale of two stories: Excursions into a narrative approach to psychology. Notre Dame, IN: Academic.

Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches Into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia. (1995, October 16-18). Technology Assessment Conference Statement (pp. 1-34). National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from:

Jamieson, G.A., & Sheehan, P.W. (2004). An empirical test of Woody and Bowers’s dissociated control theory of hypnosis. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 52(3), 232-249. Abstract:

Jennings, L., & Skovholt, T. M. (1999). The cognitive, emotional, and relational characteristics of master therapists. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46(1), 3-11. Abstract:

Kandel, E. R. (1998). A new intellectual framework for Psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155(4), 457-469. Abstract:

Kirsch, I., Moore, T.J., Scoboria, A., & Nicholls, S.S. (2002). The emperor’s new drugs: An analysis of antidepressant medication data submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Prevention & Treatment, 5(1). Retrieved from

Lahmann, C., Nickel, M., Schuster, T., Sauer, N., Ronel, J., Noll-Hussong, M., Tritt, K., Nowak, D., Rohricht, F., Loew, T. (2009). Functional relaxation and guided imagery as complementary therapy in asthma: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics, 78, 233-9. Abstract:

Lehrer, J. (2010, February 25). Depression’s upside. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Maddux, J.E., Gosselin, J.T., & Winstead, B.A. (2008). Conceptions of psychopathology: A social constructionist perspective. In Maddux, J.E., & Winstead, B. (2008). Psychopathology foundations for a contemporary understanding (2nd ed. , pp. 3-18). New York: Routledge.

Mairs, D. A. E. (1995). Hypnosis and pain in childbirth. Contemporary Hypnosis, 12(2), 111-118. Abstract:

Matthews, R. (1992). How one in five have given up smoking. New Scientist, 1845, 6. Preview:

Miller, W. (1998). Toward a motivational definition and understanding of addiction. Motivational Interviewing Newsletter for Trainers, 5(3), 2 – 6. Retrieved from

Montgomery, G. H., David, D., Winkel, D., Silverstein, J. H., & Bovbjerg, D. H. (2002). The effectiveness of adjunctive hypnosis with surgical patients: A meta-analysis. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 94, 1639-1645. Retrieved from

Moya, F., James, L. S. (1960) Medical hypnosis for obstetrics: Clinical and biochemical evidence indicates that cautious and competent administration is required. Journal of the American Medical Association, 174(16), 2026-2032. Abstract:

Musich S, Napier D, Edington D. (2001). The association of health risks with workers’ compensation costs. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 43(6), 534-541. Abstract:

Ortigue, S., Bianchi-Demicheli, F., Patel, N., Frum, C., & Lewis, J. W. (2010). Neuroimaging of love: fMRI meta-analysis evidence toward new perspectives in sexual medicine. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7(11), 3541-3552. Abstract:

Plassman, H., O’Doherty, J., Shiv, B., & Rangel, A. (2008). Marketing actions can modulate neural representations of experienced pleasantness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 1050-1054. Abstract:

Ploghaus, A., Tracey, I., Gati, J.S., Clare, S., Menon, R.S., Matthews, P.M. Nicholas, J., Rawlins, P. (1999). Dissociating Pain from Its Anticipation in the Human Brain. Science, 284, 1979-1981.

Qaseem, A., Wilt, T. J., McLean, R.M., and Forciea, M.A. (2017, February 14). Noninvasive Treatments for Acute, Subacute, and Chronic Low Back Pain: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians. Annals of Internal Medicine. Retrieved from:

Ray, O. (2004). How the mind hurts and heals the body. American Psychologist, 59(1), 29-40. Abstract: Article:

Rothwell, N. (2005). How brief is solution-focused therapy? A comprehensive study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 12(5), 402-405. Abstract:

Schjoedt, U., Stødkilde-Jørgensen, H., Geertz, A.W., Lund, T.E., & Roepstorff, A. (2009). The power of charisma – perceived charisma inhibits the frontal executive network of believers in intercessory prayer. Social Cognitive and Effective Neuroscience, 4, 199-207. Retrieved from

Schlesinger, I., Benyakov, O., Erikh, I., Suraiya, S., & Schiller, Y. (2009). Parkinson’s disease tremor is diminished with relaxation guided imagery. Movement Disorders, 24, pp. 2059-2062. Abstract:

Schulz-Stübner, S., Krings, T., Meister, I., Rex, S., Thron, A., & Rossaint, R. (2004). Clinical hypnosis modulates functional magnetic resonance imaging signal intensities and pain perception in a thermal stimulation paradigm. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, 29(6), 549-556. Abstract:

Spiegel, D. (1997). Trauma, dissociation, and memory. Annals of New York Academy of Science, 821, 225–237.

Spiegel, D. (2013). Tranceformations: Hypnosis in Brain and Body. Depression and Anxiety, 30, 342-352.

Stephens, G.J., Silbert, L.J., & Hasson, U. (2010). Speaker–listener neural coupling underlies successful communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(32), 14425-14430 Retrieved from

Sullivan, M. F., Skovholt, T. M., & Jennings, L. (2005). Master therapists’ construction of the therapy relationship. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 27(1), 48-70.

Syracuse University (2010, October 25). Falling in love only takes about a fifth of a second, research reveals. ScienceDaily. Retrieved from­ /releases/2010/10/101022184957.htm

Thakkar, V. G. (2013). Diagnosing the wrong deficit. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Van Der Hart, O., & Van Der Kolk, B. (1991). Hypnotizability and dissociation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 1105–1106.

Vergano, D. (2010, July 27). Mind meld: Brain cells synchronize during good conversations. USA Today. Retrieved from

Vermetten, E., & Bremner, J. D. (2004). Functional brain imaging and the induction of traumatic recall: A cross-correlational review between neuroimaging and hypnosis. The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 52(3), 280-312.

Viswesvaran, C., & Schmidt, F.L. (1992). A meta-analytic comparison of the effectiveness of smoking cessation methods. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(4), 554-561. Abstract:

Wang, S. S. (2013, July 8). ADHD drugs don’t boost kids’ grades. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from

Zoellner, L. A., Foa, E. B., Brigidi, B. D., Przeworski, A. (2000). Are trauma victims susceptible to “false memories?” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109(3), 517-524.

Zubieta, J.K., Smith, Y.R., Bueller, J.A., Xu, Y., Kilbourn, M.R., Jewett, D.M., Meyer, C.R., Koeppe, R.A., Stohler, C.S.(2001). Regional mu opioid receptor regulation of sensory and affective dimensions of pain. Science, 293(5528), 311-315. Abstract: